Monday, October 14, 1991

Yale University Implements Campus-Wide Recycling Program

An institution known for its high-quality education would not go about creating a campus-wide recycling program without significant research and planning. This is most certainly the case at Yale University, which initiated a recycling program in early 1990 and since then has gradually developed the program to meet the needs of its population.

Yale’s 200 buildings house traditional offices and classrooms, a medical school, scientific laboratories, student residences, dining halls, power plants, athletic facilities, museums, and performance halls. The recycling program had to be adapted for each type of building to serve approximately 19,000 people, including students, faculty, and staff.

In April 1990, a 36-day pilot program was initiated in Calhoun College Dining Hall, which serves approximately 250 students. Employees collected steel and aluminum food and beverage cans, glass bottles, and HDPE plastic containers. At the end of the pilot program, all materials were brought to the Freddy Fixer recycling center in New Haven. At the center, the materials were weighed and assessed by volume. In the 36-day period, 281 pounds of steel and aluminum cans, 1196 pounds of glass bottles, and 21 pounds of HDPE plastic bottles were collected.

This means that in 36 days, each student produced approximately two pounds of dining hall recyclables. This also means that Calhoun produces approximately 100 pounds of recyclables each week and that five thousand undergraduate students with meal contracts will produce approximately 2,000 pounds, of one ton of recyclables, during a week of normal dining hall operation. After the pilot program was completed, a recycling program was gradually established to include all of the dining halls.

Another recycling program involves the use of 30-gallon recycling containers, which are 30-inches tall and 16-1/2 inches wide. The narrow containers were chosen to fit in the limited space of the buildings on campus.

“The buildings at Yale University, like their counterparts in England, were not built to accommodate recycling, said C.J. May, Recycling Coordinator. “So in order to implement a recycling program, we purchased containers that were built to accommodate Yale’s buildings.”

The containers are labeled and color-coded for: (1) cans and bottles, (2) office paper, and (3) newspaper. Since they are lined with bags, maintenance workers can easily and efficiently empty the containers, place the recyclables on a flatbed truck, and unloaded them into the appropriate 40-yard roll-off containers or take them to the local recycling facility.

Many Yale students were already accustomed to recycling since a student group called Yale Recycling has been collecting cans, bottles, and paper for recycling since the late 1970’s.

Now, even though the recycling containers are provided by the university itself, the student group still participates in the recycling process.

Recycling at Yale both serves an environmental purpose and assists in community development projects. For example, Outdoor Corps, a youth group led by Yale undergraduates, frequently helps to collect and recycle beverage containers from the residential colleges at Yale.

Tuesday, September 24, 1991

Recycling Flourishes in America and Abroad: Attwoods and Mindis Provide Recycling Services

The solid waste problem is not unique to one or two states or even to the United Stats only; other countries, such as the United Kingdom, are encountering similar challenges and implementing similar solutions - namely, recycling. Attwoods, Inc., under the banner of Community Recycling, is providing a range of recycling services to a number of communities in the United States and Europe.

A British company with United States operations headquartered in Coconut Grove, Florida, Attwoods has developed more than 45 recycling programs in the United States, more than doubling last year’s total.

Municipal programs are tailored to each community’s unique needs. Such programs may include all or some of the following: (1) source separated or commingled material collection, (2) collection from single family residences and /or multiple dwelling units, (3) the establishment of buyback or drop-off centers, (4) the construction and operation of materials recovery facilities, and (5) the implementation of community information and education programs.

These five aspects of Attwoods’ recycling programs were especially important in obtaining the largest single curbside recycling contract in the United States. That program is located in Dade County, Florida.

In addition to Dade County, Attwoods also has recycling programs in Florida’s Palm Beach, Duval, Hillsborough, Lake, Manatee, and Broward Counties, as well as in communities in Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and the District of Columbia.

Recently, Attwoods was awarded the largest single curbside recycling contract in the United Kingdom. The contract with Wet Sussex County Council is to handle source-separated curbside steel and aluminum food and beverage cans, newspaper, and plastic and glass containers. Attwoods has set up a materials recovery facility in West Sussex to handle the materials. Phased in over 12 months, the program will eventually serve 100,000 single-family residential
units in three areas: Adur, Worthing, and Arun District Councils.

“We believe that recycling should be a part of handling the solid waste that is generated in America, in Europe, and everywhere else,” said Richard Curry, Director of Marketing for Attwoods’ U.S. operations. “For this reason, Attwoods is prepared to provide more than just recycling services. We also provide educational services and will often build MRFs to process the materials.”

In the United States, the materials are first processed in one of Attwoods’ MRFs or in a MRF operated by another company. After being processed, the materials are often shipped to Mindis International, an Atlanta, Georgia-based company Attwoods acquired in 1989. Mindis, the recycling division of Attwoods’ U.S. operations, has a network of approximately 20 facilities in four states in the Southeast that market and supply recyclables to end users. Mindis
recycles over one billion pounds of recyclables annually.

Mindis markets its products through a central salesforce of product specialists to a wide range of users, including steel mini-mills, copper and aluminum mills, newsprint deinking plants, and glass and plastics manufacturers.

Friday, September 13, 1991

Mixed Waste Processing, A Recycling Option TRI State Leads The Way

Curbside recycling programs, drop-off collection sites, and multimaterial buyback centers - most consumers consider these programs their only choices for recycling materials. But there are other options.

Tri-State Recycling and Transfer operates a mixed waste processing facility in Galena, Kansas. Located in a 28,000 - square foot enclosed building, the facility takes in 200-300 tons of municipal solid waste each day. Recyclable materials are removed from the solid waste stream, processed, and sent to end markets.

“Because of the solid waste problems that exist, we need to bring waste into a new realm of processing,” said Duane Snapp, founder and member of the board of Tri-State Recycling and Transfer. “A mixed waste processing facility is the natural direction for solid waste to go. Recyclable materials do not have to be separated, and communities and waste haulers do not have to invest in recycling trucks. Instead, all solid waste comes here. It’s much more cost-effective.”

The recyclable materials that are extracted include: steel and aluminum cans; glass and plastic containers; several types of paper; corrugated cardboard; scrap steel, aluminum, copper, and brass; rags; and polyfilm.

The steel cans and other steel items are removed from the solid waste magnetically before the other materials, which are then hand-sorted.

The steel cans and other steel items are removed from the solid waste magnetically before the other materials, which are then hand-sorted.

Public service announcements have made consumers in Galena, Kansas aware that they are recycling “automatically” when they place recyclable containers in with their garbage. Consumers are encouraged to remove the steel lids from the glass containers so that the steel lids and the glass containers are more easily sorted for recycling.

Once sorted, the steel cans are baled and shipped to various end markets, where they are recycled.

Communities in the Midwest that are considering establishing waste processing facilities like Tri-State Recycling may be interested in a newly formed consulting firm called Duane Snapp Company. The firm was founded by Duane Snapp, former president of Tri-State.

Saturday, July 13, 1991

Out with the Old, In with the New: Recycling the Steel in Chicago’s Comiskey Park

The scrap industry can boast of yet another recycling achievement - this time, the recycling of Chicago’s Comiskey Park, the oldest stadium in major league baseball. Once dismantled, the park’s steel will be recycled, according to a report in American Metal Market.

By autumn, Cozzi Iron & Metal Inc. will have processed the stadium’s 5,000 tons of steel beams and girders, removing concrete and other extraneous building materials before cutting it into small lengths.

Next, the metal will be barged down to Nucor-Yamato Steel Company in Blytheville, Arkansas via the Calumet, Illinois, and Mississippi rivers.

The steel company will feed the remains to its electric-arc furnaces to be reformed into wide-flange beams for structural applications - maybe even a new sports stadium somewhere in the “field of dreams.” The modern Nucor-Yamato plant has the capacity to melt the entire lot of Comiskey Park scrap in one day.

Tuesday, June 18, 1991

Technical Innovation Combines with Recycling Know- How: Atlas Iron Processes Ferrous Materials

Steel cans have officially entered the list of materials that many scrap dealers will collect for recycling. But one scrap dealer has gone a step beyond collecting steel cans - this processor has demonstrated its enthusiasm through technological innovation.

Atlas Iron Processors, Inc. headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio, has created a shredder specifically designed to shred steel cans and other post-consumer steel products (also called ferrous material) into an extremely clean product with uniform chemistry.

The new shredder has been instrumental in preparing the steel scrap that Atlas purchases from the Greater Detroit Resource Recovery Facility. Municipal solid waste is hauled to the resource recovery facility, and the ferrous material is magnetically separated. The Atlas facility then processes the ferrous. In addition, this Atlas operation processes steel
cans from numerous community recycling programs in the Cleveland area.

“While our shredding operation was originally designed to shred automobiles, white goods, and other miscellaneous scrap, we through it was important to explore other sources of raw material, so the operation was modified to also do municipal scrap,” said Paul Popovich, General Manager of Atlas Iron Processors.

Once the steel scrap is delivered to the Atlas yard, the shredding system processes the material at high production rates and generates a unique grade of #1 shredded municipal scrap that is then shipped to local steel mills.

Thursday, May 9, 1991

Stokely U.S.A. Helps Customers Recognize Steel’s Recyclability

Stokely U.S.A. has been bringing canned vegetables to the nation’s tables for over 80 years. Although the steel cans containing their products have always been recyclable; today, they are being recycled. Stokely wants to be sure consumers recognize this.

“We’re all responsible for helping to alleviate the nation’s municipal solid waste burden,” said Ken Murray, Director of Marketing for Stokely U.S.A. “At Stokely, we know that one of the ways we can help is by raising consumer recognition of he steel can’s recyclability. By adding the recycling logo to our Stokely’s Finest brand, we’ll be helping to get even more of them recycled.”

Stokely’s Finest is a premium line of vegetables distributed throughout North America, as well as to international locations. Since 1990, these cans have featured the steelmark logo with a recycling message.

Greg Linnemanstons, Marketing Manager, noted, “Using a recycling message on a package enhances recognition; it makes people think. The next step then is action, and we want to see that every steel can containing our products is recycled.”

Thursday, May 2, 1991

Jacksonville’s Naval Air Station Provides Recycling Options

A military base is no different than a city when it comes to implementing recycling programs. Residents, visitors, and members of out-lying areas must be taken into account. This is the case at the Naval Air Station in Jacksonville, Florida, where the recycling program includes curbside and drop-off sites for both military personnel and civilians.

Since October 1988, steel and aluminum cans; clear, brown, and green glass; all types of paper; plastic containers; heavy and light steels; white appliances; and car batteries have been collected and processed for recycling.

“Captain Kevin Delaney, the commanding officer of the base, implemented the program because recycling is good for the environment and because it reduces the cost of hauling waste to landfills,” said Master Chief Mo Armstrong.
Before the program began, Armstrong raised awareness of the importance of recycling by using digital displays, passing out fliers, and making personal appearances. In addition, several recycling options were created so that individuals could participate in the recycling program which best fit their needs. His efforts paid off. The base-wide participation
rate is 85%, and every building on base is recycling something.

In the curbside collection program, residents of 408 military housing units can place their recyclables at the curb. Two bins are provided per house: one for steel and aluminum cans and plastic containers; the other for various types of paper. The recyclables are picked up once a week.

A drop-off collection bin is located at the recycling center itself of the convenience of the 15,000 civilians who work on the base, the 32,000 retired persons who live in apartments located off the base, and the 15,000 reservists who stay at the base each weekend. In addition, a drop-off center with Igloo containers is located in front of the Navy Exchange Complex.

An incentive program is geared toward office personnel on the base. Individuals bring their recyclables directly to the drop-off location at the recycling center and are entered into a drawing to win prizes like a free airline ticket and a weekend for two downtown. Originally created to promote office paper recycling, many office personnel also bring recyclables from home.

A local elementary school is also involved in recycling at the base. Students collect steel and aluminum cans and plastic jugs, then bring the recyclables to the base.

Base personnel pick-up, sort, and haul all recyclables. The steel cans are magnetically separated with a can flattener, then they are hauled to Commercial Metals in Jacksonville.

Created because of environmental and landfill concerns, as well as for cost avoidance savings, the program has been recognized for its success through several awards: the National Recycling Coalition Business Award for Best Recycling Program in the U.S., the Secretary of the Navy’s Environmental Award for Non-Industrial Base, and the Keep America Beautiful Award for Federal, State, and Governmental Agencies.

Tuesday, April 23, 1991

Pineapples and Steel Complement Each Other at Dole

What do pineapples and steel have in common? One complements the other when they’re Dole pineapple products packaged in steel cans. Dole Packaged Foods Company has announced that it will be placing the steel recycling logo on steel cans containing its products.

“Every time a shopper picks up a can of our pineapple products and sees the logo,” said Bob McDevitt, Vice President of Technical Resources for Dole, “There will be a message there that the can is made of steel and it can and should be recycled. That’s why we’re doing this. We think it helps to raise recycling awareness.”

Among the products to bear the logo are Dole Sliced, Chunk, Tidbits and Crushed Pineapple products, Dole Pineapple Juices, and Dole Tropical Fruit Salad. These and other Dole products are distributed nationally.

“Our company is the number one producer of pineapple products in the world,” said McDevitt. “Our success has made us even more aware of the solid waste issues that confront every American. Dole is taking its environmental responsibility on other routes, including in-depth research into composting and efforts to explore the increasing use of packaging material with recycled content.”

Thursday, April 18, 1991

Geo. A. Hormel & Co. Promotes Steel Can Recycling

One hundred years ago when Geo. A. Hormel & Company began operation, environmental concerns weren’t the issue they are today. But Hormel, like many other environmentally responsible companies, has taken several steps to help preserve the environment.

One of these steps, according to Dennis Boik, Manager of Recycling and Waste management for Hormel, was to place the steel recycling logo on its products canned in steel. “We want to ensure that consumers recognize these cans are steel and are recyclable,” he said. “Recognition and awareness are important steps toward getting these cans recycled. We believe that, through our efforts, we’ll be able to help divert the approximately 200 million steel cans we use from landfills to their new life in the steel mill.”

Hormel products, such as chunk salmon, chicken and turkey; chili; ham patties and canned hams; MARY KITCHEN(r) Roast Beef Hash; DINTY MORE(r) beef stew; and vending-sized steel cans all display the steel recycling logo.

Hormel’s program to identify recyclable packaging began in mid-1990. Hormel has also instituted internal recycling programs for paper and packaging at its plants and its corporate offices. As Boik has noted, “Environmental issues are deeply ingrained in this company, and our efforts to identify recyclable packaging have been well received. Our steel packaging is recyclable and has recycled content - it’s important to continue the cycle.”

Thursday, April 4, 1991

Del Monte Adds Post-Consumer Steel Cans to Recycling Program

Plover, Wisconsin is home to one of Del Monte Foods’ can manufacturing plants and is a well-used steel can recycling location. Steel can scrap from the manufacturing process has long been shipped from the plant for recycling - and it still is today. But now this recycling program also includes post-consumer steel cans.

According to Pat Zalinski, Assistant Plant manager, “When we decided to initiate this internal recycling program, we sent a letter to our employees notifying them of the opportunity. He program has made progress, and now people are bringing their steel cans from home to our plant for recycling.”

By word of mouth, news of the program spread to the surrounding area, and as a result, various representatives from the University of Wisconsin in Stevens Point, St. Michael’s Hospital and several of the local public schools are now also using the plant as a recycling collection location for steel cans.

“We’re pleased that this recycling program has been so well received,” said Zalinski. “As a company, Del Monte Foods is very environmentally motivated. And it is important to us here at the plant to support the company’s efforts, as well as to help the community participate in recycling steel cans. We make the cans here, and we like knowing that they’re being recycled.”

Monday, February 11, 1991

US Can Delivers the Steel Can Recycling Message

The trailers that deliver US Can’s products carry two messages - US Can’s and steel’s. In major markets throughout the country, as the trucks make trips from the plants to their customers, the steel recycling logo is thus see by millions of Americans.

To prove its point about steel can recycling, US Can recycles the can scrap from its plants - to ensure that it is used as resource for making new steel products. Nd, according to John Moosbrugger, Director of Transportation, “We like to practice what we preach. We make steel cans; we recycle our scrap; and we think everyone else should recycle steel cans, too.”

When asked why US Can was using the steel recycling logo on its trucks, Moosbrugger replied, “Environmental education takes many forms - and needs to be promoted in as many ways as possible. Our trucks carry steel cans; what better place to promote recycling than on the vehicle that is delivering that cans to our customers. We’re concerned about solid waste, and we feel we can help by promoting steel can recycling.”

Saturday, January 5, 1991

Moody Air Force Base Tackles Institutional and Residential Recycling

Recycling has reached across the nation, to homes, apartments, institutions and the U.S. military. One location in particular is Moody Air Force Base in Valdosta, Georgia, which is turning a fledgling program into an example of recycling initiative.

In early summer, 1990, because of his personal environmental interests, Lieutenant Colonel Jon Lindsay suggested that the base start a multimaterial recycling program. Coincidentally, the Air Force Division of Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) offered a plan for starting such a program. As in most instances of perfect timing, Lt. Colonel Lindsay has helped to institute a comprehensive multimaterial recycling program on the base that includes steel and aluminum cans, glass containers, office paper, computer paper, cardboard and plastic.

The program currently provides a central collection area to which the various organizations on the base (divisions and offices) bring the recyclable materials. “At some point in the future,” said Lt. Colonel Lindsay, who is Chairman of the Recycling Committee, “we may have collection facilities at various locations on the base, and we’re considering curbside
collection for the housing units here as well. For now, we’re making great progress, with the support of our volunteer base Recycling Committee, individuals, and our Wing and Group leaders, who strongly favor this environmental program and are helping to promote it.”

Steel cans are being collected from various base locations, especially food and beverage service areas. Lt. Colonel Lindsay anticipates that a collection receptacle will be placed at the dining hall kitchen for containers used in food service, such as steel cans.

The Recycling Committee has raised awareness through the base newspaper, bulletin boards, interpersonal communication, letters and the support of other departments and base leadership personnel. This program is voluntary - on the base and throughout the Air Force.

While base personnel currently conduct the program, the base will shortly contract with the Air Force Defense Reutilization and Marketing Organization (DRMO) so that materials will be collected from the base by a hauler. The DRMO currently conducts the Air Force’s scrap metal recycling programs - such as for bulk ferrous metals.

“We’re looking at a number of future developments,” said Lt. Colonel Lindsay, “including educational programs for children, and working with the community of Valdosta. Right now, our program is helping to divert solid waste from the area’s landfill - if we can work with the community, I believe that we can jointly divert even more material and significantly extend landfill life. As individual consumers and as part of the Air Force structure, we know that what we once called trash is now a resource.”